Area of the memorial in the Edfu is the Ptolemaic Temple out-of Horus out of Behdet towards the side of the city The metropolis out of Edfu, to your west lender of Nile 56km southern area regarding Esna and you may 105km north out-of Aswan, was now an essential hub having glucose manufacturing and ceramic-to […]
The metropolis out of Edfu, to your west lender of Nile 56km southern area regarding Esna and you may 105km north out-of Aswan, was now an essential hub having glucose manufacturing and ceramic-to make. This site of Edfu Share with try known as Wetjeset-hor (traditional name Apollinopolis Magna), where new god Horus try worshipped and you can where the competition anywhere between Horus along with his old-fashioned challenger Seth in old mythology taken place. Whilst it is actually well-covered by desert mud and you can person settlement debris, Edfu forehead was decided to go to by many people early traveler. Brand new sand possess aided in preserving the building that was located to-be nearly completely unchanged if this was first removed and excavated by the Auguste Mariette on the 1860s.
The current urban area comes the term on the old Egyptian Djeba that has been founded into the a good mound for the eastern lender
Of all temple remains during the Egypt, the brand new Forehead out of Horus from the Edfu is considered the most really-kept in addition to only one we know to own come finished. Crafted from sandstone blocks the massive Ptolemaic temple is actually constructed over this site off a smaller before forehead, based eastern in order to western, to your river. The new afterwards build face north so you can southern and simply leaves brand new destroyed remains of the earlier forehead pylon to be noticed toward east section of the basic courtroom. Off building messages during the later on Ptolemaic temple which endures now, we understand this are going by Ptolemy III Euergetes I from inside the 237 BC, however, wasn’t finished up until 57 BC.
Nothing known concerning the very first temple of Horus during the Edfu, but there is however inscriptional proof you to The fresh new Empire rulers Seti We, Rameses II and III did restorations indeed there
Up until now, individuals approached the newest forehead earlier in the day the huge enclosure wall structure on the west front side, carved that have numbers of your own Ptolemaic kings offering to different deities. There is today a freshly created mentor park, cafeteria and you can open-heavens museum leading straight to leading of the forehead. The first framework we reach, at the south-west part up until the high temple pylon, try a rectangular colonnaded building unusual so you’re able to Graeco-Roman temples, also known as a mammisi or birth-home, made to commemorate new divine delivery out-of Horus. The fresh new Roman mammisi within Dendera was modelled about build. Reliefs let you know the fresh god Bes, birth views additionally the newborn child out-of Horus and Hathor, Ihi (Harsomptus), nursed because of the Hathor about marshes.
Carvings for the big dual towers of one’s 36m highest entry pylon are almost mirror photo of each and every almost every other with the traditional scenes of the queen smiting their opposition just before Horus. We can along with clearly understand the mast grooves into flags which would keeps fluttered at the entrances. One or two sculptures of one’s Horus falcon stand before head portal. Into the access is actually a smooth courtyard flanked by colonnades with the the newest east and you can west as well as on the brand new southern which portrays rescue carvings of the ‘Meal of your own Breathtaking Meeting’. It was a lengthy and you may very important festival in which the cult statue out of Hathor off Dendera was delivered to Edfu on the a beneficial barge which have much tricky routine and you may celebration, to get to know their consort Horus due to their annual reunion. Most other ceremonies of the event is visible around the walls of courtyard.
Ahead is the head temple facade in front of hence really stands the new popular colossal black granite sculpture out of Horus once the a falcon, wear the newest double crown off Higher minimizing Egypt. The brand new facade keeps display structure which have interested articles throughout the usual brand of Later Months and Ptolemaic temples.